# Automating your social publishing
Prerequisite: Tutorial: How to AutoTweet from Joomla in 5 minutes
Even though AutoTweet makes it very easy to publish social posts from your Joomla!™ site, by default on Page Load mode (with the System-Automator Plugin), it still requires visiting the site's frontend to process Requests and Posts; or it requires you to log, click on the Publish button to complete the publishing operation. In addition, there is no way to be 100% sure of the publishing time.
Our job is to automate your life, making repeated and time-consuming procedures a breeze. To this end, we offer different publishing automation possibilities for AutoTweet.
These features are available only in AutoTweetNG PRO and Joocial.
- Overview of CRON jobs
- Front-end processing, for use with CRON
- Front-end processing with CRON based on wget command
- Using a web cron to automate your publishing
- Using the front-end publishing in SiteGround and other hosts using cURL instead of wget
- Using the front-end publishing in SiteGround and other hosts using lynx instead of wget
- Setting Up Cron Job in cPanel 11
- Native CRON script (recommended)
# Overview of CRON jobs
For AutoTweetNG or Joocial to run smoothly, you will need to set up a CRON job to run periodically. By unloading this processing task to a scheduled job, the extension will be able to run faster and in a predictable way.
The CRON jobs is recommended to:
- Avoid excessive processing during a normal page load
- Process content requests
- Deliver posts to social networks, especially when you publish to many channels or/and high volume of posts.
- Import RSS Feeds
- Detect new inserted articles in the database.
There are two ways to execute the CRON job:
- Web CRON job script
- Command Line Interface (CLI) - Native CRON script (recommended)
Reference: Cron - Wikipedia
# Front-end processing, for use with CRON
The front-end processing feature is intended to provide the capability to perform an unattended, scheduled social publishing from your site or feeds import with the articles grabber.
The front-end publishing URL performs a single publishing step, and if there are defined feeds, an import operation to process all of them. You will only see a message upon completion, should it be successful or not. There are a few limitations, though:
It is not designed to be run from a normal web browser, but from an unattended CRON script, utilizing wget or CRON as a means of accessing the function.
The script is not capable of showing progress messages.
Before beginning to use this feature, you must set up AutoTweet to support the front-end publishing option. First, go to AutoTweet's main page and click on the Component Options button. Find the option titled Cron job mode, enable CRON mode and set it to Yes. Below it, you will find the option named Secret word. In that box, you have to enter a password which will allow your CRON job to convince AutoTweet that it has the right to publish from the call. Think of it as the password required to enter the VIP area of a nightclub. After you do it, click the Save button on top to save the settings and close the dialog.
About Base URL Override, it refers to your site domain https://www.yoursite.com. For instance, on our main site, Base URL Override is https://www.extly.com.
Use only lower- and upper-case alphanumeric characters (0-9, a-z, A-Z) in your secret key. Other characters may need to be manually URL-encoded in the CRON job's command line. This is error-prone and can cause the publishing operation never to start even though you'll be quite sure that you have done everything correctly.
Most hosts offer a CPanel of some kind. There has to be a section for something like "CRON Jobs", "scheduled tasks" and the like. The help screen in there describes how to set up a scheduled job. One missing part for you would be the command to issue. Simply putting the URL in there is not going to work.
If your host only supports entering a URL in its "CRON" feature, this will most likely not work with AutoTweet. There is no workaround. It is a hard limitation imposed by your host. We would like to help you, but we can't. As always, the only barrier to the different ways we can help you is server configuration.
# Front-end processing with CRON based on wget command
If you are on a UNIX-style OS host (usually, a Linux host) you most probably have access to a command line utility called wget. It is almost trivial to use:
Sample command for a specific platform:
Do not forget to surround the URL in double quotes. If you don't, the command will fail and it will be your fault! The reason is that the ampersand is also used to separate multiple commands in a single command line. If you don't use the double quotes at the start and end of the publishing URL, your host will think that you tried to run multiple commands and load your site's homepage instead of the front-end publishing URL.
If you are unsure, check with your host. Sometimes you have to get from it the full path to wget for CRON to work, thus turning the above command line to something like:
Contact your host; they usually have a nifty help page for all this stuff. Read also the section on CRON jobs below.
wget is multi-platform command line utility program which is not included with all operating systems. The wget homepage is here: https://www.gnu.org/software/wget/wget.html.
The ampersands above should be written as a single ampersand, not as an HTML entity (&). Failure to do so will result in a 403: Forbidden error message and no publishing will occur. This is not a bug, it is the way wget works.
# Using a web cron to automate your publishing
Assuming that you have already bought some credits on the web cron, here is how to automate your publishing using their service.
Before beginning to use this feature, you must set up AutoTweet to support the front-end publishing option. First, go to AutoTweet's main page and click on the Component Options button. Find the option titled Cron job mode, enable Cron mode and set it to Yes. Below it, you will find the option named Secret word. In that box, you have to enter a password which will allow your CRON job to convince AutoTweet that it has the right to publish from the call. Think of it as the password required to enter the VIP area of a nightclub. After you do it, click the Save button on top to save the settings and close the dialog.
We strongly recommend using only alphanumeric characters, i.e. 0-9, a-z and A-Z. For the sake of this example, we will assume that you have entered ak33b4s3cRet in that field. We will also assume that your site is accessible through the URL https://www.example.com.
Log in to the web cron. In the CRON area, click on the New Cron button. Here's what you have to enter at web cron interface:
Name of Cron job: anything you like, e.g. "AutoTweet www.example.com"
Timeout: 180sec; if the publishing doesn't complete, increase it. Most sites will work with a setting of 180 or 600 here. If you have many channels and feeds which take more than 5 minutes to process, you might consider using AutoTweet native CRON script (autotweetstartcronjob.php) instead, as it is much more cost-effective.
Url you want to execute:
Login and Password: Leave them blank
Execution time (the grid below the other settings): Select when you want your CRON job to run
Alerts: If you have already set up alert methods in the web cron interface, we recommend choosing an alert method here and not checking the "Only on error" so that you always get a notification when the publishing CRON job runs.
Now click on Submit and you are all set up!
# Using the front-end publishing in SiteGround and other hosts using cURL instead of wget
Finding the correct command to issue for the CRON job is tricky. This recipe applies not only to SiteGround, but many other commercial hosts as well.
In the CPanel for SiteGround there is a Cron job option, you create a Cron job using that and use:
as your command.
# Using the front-end publishing in SiteGround and other hosts using lynx instead of wget
Lynx is a text-based browser that is installed in most hosting environments.
On most Linux systems, you can simply run the commands below. We would recommend running the CRON every thirty (30) minutes or less. On a busy site, you might want to run it every ten (10) minutes. The more frequently you run it, the less load there will be on the server.
If you do not have Lynx installed, you can use other alternatives such as wget, detailed above.
Don't worry, this operation runs very fast and has a very little impact on the server, equivalent to a normal single page load.
# Setting Up Cron Job in cPanel 11
To add a new Cron Job in cPanel 11, log in to your cPanel and click Cronjobs under the Advanced section as the screenshot below.
After clicking Cronjobs, you will be directed to a page similar to the one below. In this example, click Standard to proceed.
Enter the following command in the Command to run field on the screen shown below it:
Select Every Five Minutes, Every Hour, Every Day, Every Month, and Every Week Day so that the action above will be executed every five (5) minutes perpetually.
# Native CRON script (recommended)
Users report that they get no joy using this script on GoDaddy hosting.
If you have access to the command-line version of PHP, AutoTweet PRO or Joocial includes an even better - and faster - way of publishing your messages. All AutoTweet PRO or Joocial releases include the file cli/autotweetstartcronjob.php, which can be run from the command-line PHP interface (PHP CLI). In contrast with previous releases, it doesn't require the front-end publishing to work; it is self-contained, native publishing for your Joomla!™ site, even if your web server is down!
In order to schedule a publishing, you will have to use the following command line to your host's CRON interface:
/usr/local/bin/php is the path to your PHP CLI executable and /home/USER/webroot is the absolute path to your web site's root. You can get this information from your host.
In order to give some examples, we will assume that your PHP CLI binary is located in
/usr/local/bin/php - a common setting among hosts - and that your web site's root is located at
- Most hosts do not impose a time limit on scripts running from the command-line. If your host does and the limit is less than the required time to publish from your site, the job will fail.
- This script is not meant to run from a web interface. If your host only provides access to the CGI or FastCGI PHP binaries, autotweetstartcronjob.php will not work with them. The solution to this issue is tied to the time constraint detailed above.
- Some servers do not fully support this publishing method. The usual symptoms will be a job which starts but is intermittently or consistently aborted in mid-process without any further error messages and no indication of something going wrong. In such a case, trying running the publishing or feeds import from the back-end of your site will work properly.
# Setting up a CRON job on cPanel
Go to your cPanel main page and choose the CRON Jobs icon from the Advanced pane. In the Add New CRON Job box on the page which loads, enter the following information:
- Common Settings, Choose the frequency of your publishing, for example once per day.
- Command Enter your publishing command. Usually, you have to use something like:
where myusername is your account's user name (most probably the same you use to login to cPanel). Do note the path for the PHP command line executable:
/usr/bin/php-cli. This is the default location of the correct executable file for cPanel 11 and later. Your host may use a different path to the executable. If the command never runs, ask them. We can't help you with that; only those who have set up the server know the changes they have made to the default setup.
Finally, click the Add New Cron Job button to activate the CRON job.